The Qur’an, the last revealed word of God (Allah), is the primary source of every Muslim's faith and practice. It deals with all the subjects which concern human beings: wisdom, doctrine, worship, transactions, law, etc., but its basic theme is the relationship between Allah and His creatures. At the same time it provides guidelines and detailed teachings for a just society, proper human conduct, and an equitable economic system.
As soon as he began to recite the Qur’an and to preach the truth which Allah had revealed to him, he and his small group of followers suffered persecution from unbelievers. The persecution grew so fierce that in the year 622 A.D., Allah gave them the command to emigrate. This emigration from Makkah to the city of Medina, some 260 miles to the north, marks the beginning of the Muslim calendar.
After several years, Muhammad (sallallahu 'alaihi wa sallam) and his followers were able to return to Makkah where they forgave their enemies. Before Muhammad (sallallahu 'alaihi wa sallam) died at the age of sixty-three, the greater part of the Arabian Peninsula had become Muslim and within a century of his death, Islam had spread to Spain in the West and as far East as China. Among the reasons for the rapid and peaceful spread of islam was the truth and clarity of its doctrine. Islam calls for faith in only One God, who is the only one worthy of worship.
The Prophet Muhammad
(sallallahu 'alaihi wa sallam) was a perfect example of an honest, just,
merciful, compassionate, truthful, and brave human being. He was far removed
from all evil characteristics and strove solely for the sake of Allah and
His reward in the Hereafter. In all his actions and dealings he was ever
mindful of Allah.