(5) 因拜中失誤而作的叩頭

 

出錯是人之常情,如果你在禮拜時動作出了錯,或讀錯經文或漏了重要的句語,則可以增加兩次叩頭去補償。你應該在正常禮拜最後一次叩頭後唸「誠讚詞」和「作証言」,然後頭轉右,眼望右肩方向,唸「祝安詞」,跟著再叩頭兩次(叩頭時所唸的讚詞跟正常禮拜時所唸的一樣);之後回復跪坐,並唸「誠讚詞」、「作証言」和「祝讚詞」,最後頭轉右,唸「祝安詞」,再轉左,唸「祝安詞」。

 

 (6)集體禮拜

      

凡是禮主命拜,若有超過一人的,便應一起集體做。到禮拜寺去做禮拜是受鼓勵的,因為禮拜寺是穆斯林聚集的地方,在那塈畯怚i以和其他人集體禮拜。

集體禮拜的排列:

集體禮拜的時候,須要由禮拜的人中選出一位學識最高的(在古蘭和聖訓方面有認識和遵守者)做領拜者,他應站在聚眾前端的中央,在其後的跟隨者應並肩橫排成直線,人與人之間不可留有空隙,更不可讓一人單獨留在最後自成一行。如有婦女同在,她們應排在男界的後面。

若祗得二人禮拜,領拜者應站在跟隨者的左邊稍前些。如有第三者或更多的人在禮拜進行中加入,則領拜者可步前讓新的加入者與原先的跟隨者排成一行,或原先的跟隨者退後與新加入者排成一行,這兩種做法都是使領拜者單獨站在最前端。在祗有婦女而沒有男性的時候,婦女們可以自由選擇集體或單獨做禮拜(指主命拜)。若她們要集體禮拜的話,她們的領拜者是不需要如男性領拜者般單獨站在最前端,她祗要排在第一行堛漱丰‵K可。

集體禮拜開始後中途加入禮拜行列:

       有時,我們到達禮拜寺的時候,集體禮拜已在進行中,我們應盡快加入禮拜的行列。不管在加入的時候禮拜進行到那個動作,我們都應跟隨眾人做同樣的動作。需要注意的是,在任何一拜堙A如果我們能夠趕得著完成鞠躬及其後的動作,則那一拜便算有效,否則,我們應在集體禮拜完成後獨自繼續補做所缺去的拜數。例如,集體做的是四拜主命晌禮,若我們中途加入時眾人正在做第三拜的第一個叩頭,我們應同樣的趕快隨眾跪下叩頭,並跟隨領拜者繼續做下去,直到第四拜向右邊道「祝安詞」的時候,我們就不需要跟隨領拜者了,而在領拜者領眾人向左邊道「祝安詞」時,我們須即站起繼續獨自完成所缺去的禮拜。因為加入時是在第三拜的第一次叩頭,即在這一拜塈畯怢疇憫髡阪飌`,故這一拜未成,祗有第四拜才算有效(對中途加入者而言),所以我們應獨自繼續補回三拜。補回一拜後,應中坐,然後,站起補回另兩拜。

領拜者出錯的提示:

       領拜者學識雖高,但出錯是人之常情,故領拜時出錯亦間有發生。遇到這種情形,跟隨者不可隨之同錯,並應唸下句作提示(女士則用拍手掌作提示)

Subhaa--nal lah

我讚主超絕!

       領拜者聽到提示後馬上作出糾正,並應在禮拜結束前補叩頭兩次。

 

(5) Prostration due to mistakes in prayer

       It’s normal to make mistakes. During prayers if you make wrong actions, or make errors in reciting the Holy Qur’an, or miss important sentences, you can remedy your errors by prostrating twice. You should recite “Tashahud” and “Kalima-shahadah” after you make the last prostration following the normal prayer, and then turn your head to the right, eying the right shoulder, recite “Taslim”, prostrate twice (recite the same declaration of praise as in normal prayers), sit back to recite “Tashahud”, “Kalima-shahadah”, and “Darud”, and at last turn your head to the right, recite “Taslim”, and then turn to the left, recite “Taslim”.

(6) Congregation prayer

       Whenever performing Fardh, perform in congregation if there is more than one person. It is encouraged to pray in the mosque, because the mosque is the place where Muslims rally, and where we can pray together with others.

       Array in congregation prayer

       When praying collectively, the sagest who knows the most about and abides the Quran and the Prophet’s Instructions should be selected as the prayer leader. He should stand at the middle in front of the congregation, and those who are behind him should stand in a line shoulder by shoulder, with no gap left between people, and nobody should stand behind as a single person line. If women are present, they should stand behind men.

       If only two people pray, the leader should stand in front of the follower to the latter’s left. If a third person or more join the prayer, the leader can step forward to let the new comers line up with the original follower, or the original follower can step backward to align the new comers, while with both ways the leader should stand at the front. When only women with no men perform the prayer, they are free to choose praying in congregation or individually (for Fardh). If they pray in congregation, the leader dose not have to stand at the front but just to stand in the middle of the first line.

       Join the congregation prayer after it begins

       Sometimes when we arrive at the mosque, the congregation prayer has started, we should join in the prayer as soon as possible. No matter which action is performed when we join, we should follow the same action as others. Remember that if we are able to complete the bow and later actions, that rakaat is valid, otherwise we should make up the missed rakaats after the congregation prayer ends. For example, if the congregation prayer is the Zuhr, and when we join the prayer the others are prostrating the first time for the third Fardh rakaat, we should immediately kneel down to prostrate as the others, and follow the leader for all the later actions, until turning the right to say “Taslim”, we don’t need to follow the leader any more. When the leader and others turn to the left to say “Taslim”, we should stand up to continue the missed rakaats by ourselves. Since we joined the prayer at the first prostration of the third rakaat, that means we didn’t complete the bow of that rakaat, and so that rakaat is invalid. For us, the new comers, only the forth rakaat is valid. Therefore we should make up the third rakaat by ourselves. After making up one rakaat, we should sit back, and then stand up to make up the other two rakaats.

       The reminder to the leader who makes mistakes

       Although the leader is sage, it is understandable that he may make mistakes, and so sometimes errors occur in leading the prayer. When that happens, the followers should not follow the errors, but should say the following to remind the leader (woman followers can clap hands as a reminder):

Subhaa--nal lah

Glory to Allah, the Great.

       The leader should correct the mistake immediately after hearing the reminder, and should prostrate twice before the end of the prayer as compensation.